The Political Economy of Heterogeneity and Conflict


  • Enrico Spolaore Tufts University and NBER
  • Romain Wacziarg UCLA Anderson School of Management and NBER


We present a conceptual framework linking cultural heterogeneity to inter-group conflict. When conflict is about control of public goods, more heterogeneous groups are expected to fight more with each other. In contrast, when conflict is about rival goods, more similar groups are more likely to engage in war with each other. We formalize these ideas within an analytical model and discuss recent empirical studies that are consistent with the model’s implications.


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How to Cite
SPOLAORE, Enrico; WACZIARG, Romain. The Political Economy of Heterogeneity and Conflict. UCLA CCPR Population Working Papers, [S.l.], apr. 2017. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 21 oct. 2018.